Reading South Sudanese constitution 2011, you will not go further than article 6 in part one of this constitution. That is titled as “Language.” It states that: All the indigenous languages of South Sudan are national languages and shall be developed and promoted. English shall be the official working language in the Republic of South Sudan as well as the language of instructions at all levels of education. The state shall promote the development of a sign language for the benefit of people with special needs. Is Arabic our indigenous language? Is it a sign language? It isn’t. The clauses that are in the constitution should be implemented now. What are we waiting for?

Arabic is being supported and used as a tool of keeping Arab identity in South Sudan. No one takes into account that we as South Sudanese have histories so dreadful that they should not be revisited. I want to put it clearly and mark my words. The fear of disunity should not scare us from telling facts. Arabic in its classic and Juba style has been/is being used as tool of hatred and tribalism in South Sudan. Ever go against Arabic and the one who will respond first will be from Equatoria. Well, Equatorians have their indigenous languages but I wonder why Arabic especially the Juba Arabic is so precious than their indigenous languages?

We should highlight areas of letting the country down. Areas of depriving some as some benefit more than others. If you want the people who have really suffered in South Sudan, they are the graduates from East Africa and the rest of the world most of which are jobless. They have a lot of them holding degrees but have nothing to do with it. The best way of identifying them is letting them speak Arabic. They kick the butts of Arabic, meanwhile some speak Swahili and good English. Arabic has been used as the tool for screening them out. Anyone who speaks and writes Arabic or knows classic Arabic in addition to English is mostly taken at the employment table. There are classified groups of South Sudanese who do not have Arabic background. These are the Nuer, the Dinka Bor and parts of Dinka Bhar el Gazal. All the Equatorians lived in areas where Arabs resided thus earlier took Arabic as their spoken language. They benefit a lot from Arabic now and thus don’t want to let Arabic go at all because this is how others get discriminated against.

Arabic spread among the freedom fighters of Anyanya movement and the then SPLM/A because the leaders of the aforesaid movements studied in North Sudan, the current Sudan. They know how Arabic as a language was an assimilation tool. They learned Arabic more than English. That was like integrating South Sudanese into Arab culture. Some of the students were given Islamic names and circumcised yet those who refused had it rough. Arabic was among the reasons as to why South Sudanese fought for freedom. Does it sound like there is freedom when what we fought for is still being used by us? I don’t think so. Arabic being used after the signing of the comprehensive peace agreement and as well as after independence was and is still not an attempt to revive Arabic and Arabic accent in South Sudan be it Juba or classic as they call it. The vision that was and is to be revived was and is to be an independent state. Arabic classifies South Sudan as an Islamic state. We are not an Islamic state. We are a Christian nation. If you didn’t know or wanted to outsmart Sabbath, you are utterly wrong. I have known this but gave it time.

Who is not tired of Arab rule? Who was not tired of their mistreatment? None at all. Leaving even a tint of Arabic in South Sudan meaning the so called Juba Arabic is an attempt to return Arabic to South Sudan in future especially when the current leaders who are thought to be supporting removal of Arabic now have stepped down. SPLM/A fought for the children whom we are. We were said to be the future leaders. No one among us who were kids then can speak, read or write Arabic lest a few that cannot read and write too. The current use of Arabic is being used to discriminate against these future leaders. We should no longer be talking of future because the time we are in is the future.

South Sudan has sunk in a pool of hatred and tribalism. We are not right at it. It is time to stop accusing Dinka of claiming to rule South Sudan. Those are ideologies which don’t make anything of us. That Dinka are mistreating us too which makes kids out of us. Dinkas are said to be land grabbers and more. Equatorians are said to be collaborators and damp the papers which have Dinka names at the employment table too. It does not help us as well whether it is done so or not. The Nuers said to be fond of being rebels. These are childish thoughts all for the way forward will best make a bright future for South Sudan. As the current rebellion goes on, I am aware especially in my longest stay in South Sudan from 2013 to 2015 of what really happens. Equatorians are sensitive to Dinka names at the employment table. There is a serious war between Dinka and Equatorians on the employment table. A Dinka will not want Equatorians to work in their companies as does Equatorians.

A week ago, I visited a Savings and credit cooperative society for loans. I was told that when you need 5000 ssp, the interest rate is 4% to be refunded on monthly basis for six months. According to my mathematics, the money would be refunded as 5200 ssp because 4% of 5000 ssp is 200. I was not speaking Arabic but English. I might have been identified as either a wewe or a Dinka. It was said that it would be refunded as 5500 ssp. I condemned this in front of them that they were wrong and just scaring away customers. Arabic is grossly used to Identify Dinkas and Wewe. This is the kind of war I have seen so far. It is not a national spirit. It is sheer hatred. It should be stopped by stopping Arabic for use only in the army.

Every educated person living outside South Sudan is not interested in coming to South Sudan because of Arabic. When will they start working for development? It is only when Arabic is no longer a language in South Sudan. They may not entertain being in Juba to waste their money searching for jobs they will not find because they are wewe. Because they are from East Africa and the rest of the world. As South Sudanese leaders have interest in those from other parts of the world to come and develop South Sudan, unless otherwise Arabic is dumped, they will not come. Some will come and start their own businesses to stay away from divisiveness.

It is high time to drop Arabic and teach English only in schools.To drop Arabic and speak English and indigenous languages everywhere in the country. We should use our indigenous languages as national languages. Our indigenous languages stem from our cultures which reflect our roots. Arabic reminds us of our bad past and keeps our previous enemy following us. We are tired of Arabic. Drop it for the future of South Sudan. If Arabic can unite us yet it is not widely spoken like English in this country, can’t English and our indigenous languages unite us? They in fact will do better. They will unite us as the civilized South Sudanese. Our indigenous languages will benefit those in villages. English will give us better friendship with our neighbors thus, speed up development. The constitution should be implemented now because now is the future we fought for.


National security service bill not good for citizens


The work of national security will not flow in the gutter of truth and justice. An even-tempered and sharp-eyed South Sudanese flashes back to the empirical job in the years which constitute the length of time of the operation of national security from the signing of CPA. The brutality of security personnel towards civilians has been appalling.

It may cost me anything but the behavior of national security towards media was really appalling. Not media alone but whoever disclosed the truth. Truth in the media industry is the heart of the profession. However, instead of protecting the interest of a Very Important Person (VIP) to hide the truth which will affect the public, a communication specialist releases the information. Why? Because public interest is more precious than the interest of a VIP.

In this article, I will discuss each function of the National security in the national security service bill. I will give my views on the possible impacts on the media and the public and the predicament to the trust in the government. What has contributed much to little or no trust in the current government involves the activities of national security. When I came to South Sudan in 2012, the national security were running the country. You could find security personnel even stopping a vehicle which is a work of traffic police. I said to myself that we were taking it wrongly.

If you put on your magnifying glasses as you read this bill, you will realize that the functions proposed seem to counteract the most recent media law assented by the president. As concerned citizens, we have to be too critical to this bill. Why? Because South Sudan is known for bloody crimes and manslaughters done or whose investigation will be done behind closed doors. Always, there is a foiled activity when bringing the perpetrators to tangible justice.

To begin with; the proposed national security service which will spread its roots to the ten states is said to be under the command of the president. The minister will be reporting directly to the president on security situation in the country. What will the ministry be called? Is this going to be the ministry of defense or a standalone ministry? If a standalone ministry, is the ministry of defense to be dumped to the dustbin or operate parallel to this new ministry? Such questions have not been answered by the proposed bill so far. This limits my understanding to the functions of the proposed national security service.

The first clause reads: without prejudice to the bill of rights provided in the transitional constitution, 2011 the service shall exercise the following powers:
a) Protect the national interest of the republic of South Sudan, Very important persons, public utilities and public properties in coordination with other regular forces.
The national interest being protected here simply means the political interest. To me, it means anything that is being used as a tool to better the political life in South Sudan. In this regard, it relates much to the interest of very important persons. The interest of very important persons is classified into two. He has his personal interest and his/her official interest related to national interest. Which one is the service protecting? If all, there are some very important persons whose interests maybe parallel to the national interest and public interest for personal leadership gain. This is likely to prejudice the relationship between the security and the public. The media will be affected much. A very important person who will not want to talk to any journalist will not do giving the media lesser access to valuable information for national and public interest. The interest of the very important persons will have been protected yet the public will continue to groan in the pain of such directives initiated by the very important persons and seconded by the service. Protection of public utilities and properties is fine.

b) Request any information, statement, document or thing from any suspect and potential witness for perusal, keep or take necessary or appropriate measures in respect of such information, statement, document or thing to be defined in the interpretation.
This clause is provocative. Any information, statement or whatever stated therein from a ‘suspect’ does not have to be perused if not permitted by a court of law. National security does not have to investigate any case related to civilians (it has not been differentiated here whether the army or civilians or both). Even though an army, the suspect should appear before the court of law and authorization will come from the court to allow perusal of such documents. What if someone is tricked and such tricks seem like evidences to the national security service? Will that person not be exposed to criminal justice when only a suspect and innocent? There is a special body for investigations which is called criminal investigations department. Such cases involving investigation should be reported to it to take necessary measures about. The national security service should not run the whole country to perform duties entrusted to classified departments.

c) Summon, investigate and conduct search of suspect and places.
This is impossible. What is the work of judges and lawyers? Are they being silenced for what? What is the work of police and criminal investigations departments? This is a mesmerized function already.

d) Seize property connected in accordance with the provision of this bill
Such cases happened where property was seized from innocent owners and it was a crime. It was unlawful in areas where it happened. Seizing of property takes legal procedures. It is not a work of the national security service in all aspects. It comes as a court ruling. To whom will that seized property be given? This is a serious violation.

e) Arrest and detain suspects in accordance with the provision of this bill.
To arrest and detain someone when the case is well established is okay. Civilians are detained by the police. The army personnel are arrested by the army. But my argument is on suspect. Is a suspect detained on what ground? A suspect is someone who is not proved to be guilty. In this case, I view this to be a lengthened detention where no one will pay attention to investigating or even if innocent lead to the release of such suspect. That is a great violation.

f) Undertake necessary search and investigation for disclosure of any situation, fact, activity or factors which may endanger the national security and safety of the nation in accordance with this bill.
Do you think it is a crime to disclose facts? Will the national security service be a group set to protect lies? For the safety of the nation and in order for national security not to be endangered there needs to be truth and work based on facts. If you vow to search and investigate because facts are disclosed, you have a different perspective for setting up this ministry not to protect national and public interest.

g) Monitor frequencies, wireless systems, publications, broadcasting stations and postal services in respect to security interest so as to prevent misuse by users.
What is the work of the ministry of telecommunications and postal services? What is the work of the ministry of information and broadcasting? Why does the national security service have to perform such tasks? Is it for panic of disclosure of facts? That already does not go in line with the work of national security service in my understanding. This work should be left to such ministries to monitor. It is not a work of national security service to be seizing publications and all those stated above. The excerption is the national television, national radio stations and newspapers. I mean those owned by the government. The rest should enjoy their freedom of expression.

h) Any other function assigned by the president or the council in accordance with the constitution.
I read this and asked myself. Could these be the interests of the president? I don’t think so. Our president will not vow to sign a bill which will affect the people he cries day and night to see in safety. What will the president say when a civilian is arrested by national security service for un-established crime? This bill will tarnish your image your Excellency. It will tarnish the image of this nation and portray a crooked image of the national security service.

The clauses which I think are in place are as follows:
i) Maintaining of security, protection of the constitution, national social fabric and safety of South Sudanese from any internal or external danger.
j) Gathering of internal and external information related to security of the nation, analyzing, evaluating and recommending the necessary protection measures based on such information. This means protection of the nation from external aggressors.
k) Provide opinion, advice, consultation and services in respect of security and intelligence to various national organs for realization of stability and safety of the nation.
l) Detect any danger resulting from espionage, terrorism, conspiracy, piracy, cyber crimes and environmental crimes or destructive actions.
m) Detect and combat destructive activities by any organization, group or individuals, foreign country or South Sudanese group inside or outside South Sudan. However, this should be limited to such crimes listed in number (l) and not facts or true information in this regard.
n) Cooperate with any similar or friendly organ in exchange of information, combat of terrorism and any activity threatening mutual system and security. This must be related to all sorts of crimes not facts and true information.
o) Protect very important persons and public utilities in coordination with other regular forces. Truly, this should be protection against assault and any act of taking away the life of a very important person. It should not be protecting their interests. Their personal and political interests may be different from national and public interests which will show great violations of human rights.

I am still reading the bill thus; I may criticize some other parts of it later on. If you are trying to create another ministry, maybe the ministry of internal security. That is acceptable.



I was not perplexed by why the peace talks in Addis Ababa were nagging. It was not only because the opposition were refusing but also that the right approach to address the peace talks was not taken. This was how wrong the IGAD were. They asked what the rebels wanted and the rebels said they wanted the president to step down. The president was asked and he was democratically elected which was also true. He felt it as a crime for him to step down before his term.

The IGAD had decided to prune the weed in an attempt to kill it. But a weed which has not been uprooted will be budding and grow back to maturity. When you uproot a weed, it will not grow again lest a different one. I am not prophesying a chance of another misunderstanding after the conflict is settled. That will be a business of the hungry for leadership. I don’t need a seat so as to fuel war.

The path for peace was not drawn in the right way. The framework which was given by IGAD was a sketch of the conflict. Negotiations were supposed to start with the cause of the conflict. This is what triggered the rebellion. As we all heard, it was a misunderstanding within the party, SPLM. It was drawing of the future of SPLM and its vision in relation to democratic reforms.

This was supposed to be where the talks would commence. As I wrote earlier, no Addis Ababa agreement has ever come to pass. We have heard of a peace deal in Somali which was eventually drained to draw the nation of Somali to war. The citizens of Somali returned to war. It happened in the Addis Ababa agreement with the Arabs of the then Sudan in 1972. The documents were signed and the peace accord eventually failed in all its spheres.

Glimpsing this, we go beyond Addis Ababa as a town to the leadership and to their international relations in particular. Although the dilemma cannot be magnified which had been leading to failed peace accords, one will easily deduce that foreign influence plays a vital role in conflict in Africa which literally is not vital for war is a disaster to humanity.

On the first time I heard about Addis Ababa being the next place for peace talks, I was greatly hopeless. Indeed, the peace process dragged until the most recent unification of the political parties in Arusha. I welcomed this move with open arms, why? Because unification of the political parties could have been the best solution. This is where the differences of the two warring SPLM factions were drawn as the conflict spread to the periphery.

One might have felt the suffering of the people of South Sudan. The war brought in serious disasters which reduced each citizen to a hand to mouth style of livelihood. The population was reduced as the majority escaped for their security in refugee camps of Kenya and Uganda. Each day the president and the rebel leader were heard to have gone for peace talk was normally the hope of the citizens. The drawing back of the talks to later date due to disagreements on positions was obviously sorrowful and a sad day to the citizens.

The citizens of South Sudan wherever they were, were jaded. They envisioned the tunnel leading to the emergence of peace to be nothing close to realism. What firstly did not interest them was the fact that, the discussions rented the air with only the top leadership being claimed which led to no solution to conflict. The signed agreements were dishonored. That was a show of zero tolerance to rescuing the lives of citizens. I always say that a government which does not care about its citizens although it distributes chariots to its followers to chant after it and drink of the royal waters is not a government enough.

The government defends the citizens. It works for the benefits of a country which is vague due to long and ambiguous chain of command in the leadership of the government of South Sudan. The problem of South Sudan although blamed on leadership lies with the system of governance which was chosen. The decentralization which was adopted is unique in a wrong way. It was designed through the act of sycophancy. Everything favored the president.

South Sudan is a country where professions are not respected. Even a lawyer will veer from the right acts of laws so as to please his/her godfather. But in a nation where citizens are put first, one deserves to die for the people. This is a lesson drawn from African leaders during the neocolonial era. Leaders like Nelson Mandela, he is the best example, had struggled for his people until he was jailed for several years. He did not betray his people because of leadership. However, the manifestation of Nelson Mandela was seen in the levelheaded Dr. John Garang de Mabior.

A leader is a man of the people. He struggles for his people not for personal benefit or leadership and fame in this regard. They fight to free the people from abject poverty. They struggle to improve the lives of the citizens. This is ironical in South Sudan. If one has had an achievement that is what he will use to brag about. He will use it as a pivot to win votes from the poor citizens. In South Sudan citizens are taken to be people who vote you into power and needn’t an improved life.

We are bloodily wrong at it. So as not to be wrong at it again. The unification in Arusha is the nail on the head of peace process. The political party brought disagreement before self-interest came in. As stated early, the then political detainees might have apologized because they might have been sorry for war and the disaster which befell the people of South Sudan. Dr. Machar might have been waiting after his removal from his post of Vice president for the bag to be opened by a blind man to let the cat out. Just like a saying goes that he wails but the death of the child got him already ready to cry.

If we want to see a prosperous South Sudan, then let us separate self interest from the interests of the citizens. Carry nationalism on your shoulder. Accept to carry the yoke of the suffering of the citizens and strive to improve their lives. We need to see South Sudan where leaders don’t compete for positions but for what they have developed in their respective ministries. We need South Sudan where competition will lie on the best services one has offered to the citizens. South Sudan where the voices of the citizens are heard loudly and answered in soonest time possible. We need a government which will prioritize supervision. It should be that who doesn’t work should go home. Who is reluctant to work and draws the country back to chaos should not work with us. We need dedicated leaders. We need many active, I mean active political parties which will be mounting pressure on the ruling party.

An opposition party straightens the work of the ruling party by challenging bad practices. This is not done in the form of a rebellion. And the response to criticism should not be arrest or killing even. We have just learned brutal ways of handling things which is the problem of South Sudan. Now that unification of the SPLM factions is evident. Speed up the peace process. Let the peace process be friendly enough unlike the previous one where the rebel leader was asked, “What do you want to allow peace?” If you ask someone like that he will obviously say the impossible because the root of his anger is not uprooted. He may say I need your wife and it will not be what you want. Bring peace to the people. Don’t come back without it because the citizens have put hope in this peace process to be the last chance. In all your capability, reach an understanding.

President Kiir and Dr. Machar deserve arrest for violating peace deal


The newly signed peace deal which was violated nearly six hours after it came to effect in my view had been the hope of South Sudanese civilians. The politicians who continue to ignite chaos must be sanctioned too.

The two sanctioned rival leaders namely; Major General Marial Chanuong and Major General Peter Gatdet, (excuse me; I don’t know their ranks well in case of an error) are well placed. They really have questions to answer concerning the massacres which are loudly mouthed in the most recent conflict.

The army works under orders. Whatever massacre must have a commander for that matter.

If Dr. Riek or President Kiir support each one of these men, it means that they had hands in commanding them to kill civilians.
It is not only believed but is true that the killings in Juba for whatever reasons spread the revenge attacks to the outskirts of the city at that time.

The war then stretched to the periphery of the country.
I immediately warned in my little capacity and capability that any misunderstanding should not reach civilians.

This was immediately after the outbreak of war in December, last year. I was not joking. I did know that South Sudanese are always thirsty for blood and will not spare even the civilians.

I have so far heard about attacks and shelling and each side defends itself to have been attacked. Each side accuses the latter of dishonouring the peace deal.

I still ask either sides to stop this act with immediate effect in my little capacity. The act of trading accusations on each other will not reflect that there was an understanding to the peace deal signed.

Dr. Riek Machar and President Kiir who assented to the document to have agreed the cease fire have not condemned further attacks in the strongest terms. If they did, their supporters wouldn’t have continued to fight after the peace deal.

What we saw was a face to face peace talk between the two parties to conflict including Riek and Kiir. This ironically was not the case, thus a reflection of the fact that the peace deal was not accepted but was signed conditionally.

Each one of these leaders was forced to greet the other while unwilling. How do you think your followers will behave after all?

That act shows that you had not accepted the peace deal. You were enemies but we weren’t, why should you drag us into hating each other anyway?

Your followers still have that feeling that you were escaping arrest by the Ethiopian prime minister as mentioned earlier that he threatened. I hope that act is much childish and should be stopped instead of catalyzing the conflict.

How can you form a government with someone whom you cannot greet? Someone you cannot sit down with and discuss issues. Face to face talks will have a great deal to add to this peace deal.

Whoever is still fighting is betraying you because you gave your signatures so that war would end. Your signatures have shown that you agree to be peaceful to each other and reunite people.

Why can’t you two(Riek and Kiir) take up the chance to unite the people and leave your differences? You are only two. Would you please stop misleading the public so that we shall go back to peace.

You have not seen how you have pulled this nation backward. Taking the people back to refugee camps as if they were not liberated.

A signature means acceptance of the issues addressed. It means that you had accepted oneness.

You should find out where this violation comes from and put it to an end soon otherwise you will be arrested all for accepting to sign what you wouldn’t abide by.If you have heard me, please do it for the sake of peace and the lives of the innocent civilians who will

Kiir and Machar must send their messages to civilians to return to their homes with promises of no more fear or slaughtering from their armies


Message of peace

I went through the signed document yesterday. I realized that this is the dawn that South Sudanese had sought for these five months. Before I beat off my bush to clear off the disease-causing germs, I want the voices of Dr. Machar and President Kiir.

These men are amazing because they are the leading politicians. They can order you to jump on fire and you will do it. This is why they had to say no to war and everyone has to answer it. I hope the message has spread to the armies, the SPLA and the SPLA-IO to stop war.

Stop the name rebels now. We don’t have any rebel again. It could be so vital to send your messages to the IDPs and the citizens who are hiding already that the drum of peace has alarmed. Call them to their homes and let them start living again.

The humanitarian organizations should continue to give aid to them. This is because everything has been ravaged. The citizens will start up afresh which will not be so trouble-free.
The agreement has been jump-started well. Allowing of humanitarian assistance to IDPs and the immediate signing of a peace deal were the right things to put to effect.

Congratulations to the Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn and the two parties to conflict.

UPDF to withdraw

The stay of UPDF in the republic of South Sudan was to restore peace. They came when I was in Kenya. I don’t know what effect they have caused to the army which fought alongside Dr. Machar or the loyalists of President Kiir.

They wanted restoration of peace which has been restored on Friday night, the 9th May, 2014. The UPDF should be substituted by the peacekeepers proposed by IGAD and the AU.

This should not take long to implement because presence of UPDF in South Sudan was a will of one man, not of any international organization of special interest in the ended conflict in South Sudan. It has also triggered the recently ended war.

Peace from the people of South Sudan

I have always said that peace is that love you have for your fellow citizen. These politicians when you ask them, they have their children abroad. They come to request you to give them your only son to go and fight their own war.

There should be no guarantee to give in next time until you see politicians taking their children to the front-line. These are people who invest in the poor who don’t benefit from their leadership.

Someone who will die and leave his family without someone to care for it. Let’s have the heart of togetherness. The heart of forgiveness and forgetting. This is the only way we shall co-exist again.

When we shall be called back to our homes, don’t slaughter your brother or sister because of the previous scars of this war which has ceased.

Establishment of the transitional government

Foremost, the democratically elected president should remain as the President of the Republic of South Sudan. This is because he was elected and should be removed through election. The next position should be for the SPLA-IO.

It is not wise to remove the current vice president in his position because someone has fought for position by taking arms. He hasn’t had enough time for us to measure his weaknesses and successes.

It could be wise to create a position like to have two vice presidents. It is better to have two vice presidents who will serve different tasks in the government. This means that we have had two opposition parties already. The legitimate opposition party and the opposition party out of a rebellion.

I had wanted to say that one Journalist should be made to be a vice president to show the government of South Sudan how people work to consider the rights and freedoms of the civil population. No Journalist has rebelled though. Let me shut my mouth there.

Use of ranks in offices

I heard about the stoppage of the use of army ranks in the government. It is welcomed. This includes such titles like General President Salva Kiir. It is awkward you know?

A general should apply to the army. Whoever adheres to these titles must fall under the army but not any kind of legitimate leadership.

I mean to say: president Kiir, vice president Wani Igga, vice president Riak machar, et’ cetera. I don’t agree with any power sharing at the moment.

It will create a blood whereby once someone is removed in power, he has to run to the bush to come and secure a great position in terms of power sharing. This nation will not be led like this.

What’s more, we should not use our problems to silence the international organizations which protect the rights of the civil population. We should not go wrong and fail to observe the right approach to give in and create a better way for the people.

Status of UNMISS in South Sudan

It is not the right time to say that UNMISS should leave South Sudan alone with its problems. It must be because of UNMISS that South Sudan had been peaceful till the most recent mess.

The best approach is not to chase UNMISS. I agree that UNMISS has meddled in the affairs of South Sudan. The hands of the officers may not be clean. Some might have created allies already with some leaders here.

This needs a better solution by swinging the boat. Let the officers assigned to South Sudan take another mission in another nation as new faces are brought to South Sudan. This will help in reducing the pressure which is rooted within the civil population.


I Sabbath de Yecouba declare that I shall not bark at anyone aimlessly like a dictator who resembles a guarding dog or a wild dog who resembles a rebel. I shall not spill blood by word of mouth but to ensure that there is peace in my nation.

Sign: sabbathdeyecouba

Witness: Sabbath

Tangible Remedies of Injustice Referencing International Humanitarian Law; Citing Epoch of Rise in Crime Rate


The humanitarian beneficiaries wriggle like worms as the medical services providers and humanitarian assistants smell the rotten feet of injustice.

Attacks on vehicles and doctors delivering medical facilities, is the fate the world faces. Terrorists make humanitarian work operate like a failing engine. A Red Crescent delegation of seven members was kidnapped in Libya by armed men visiting the Eastern City of Benghazi. The United Nations Mission in Darfur, “UNAMID,” peacekeeper died at Otash IDP camp, South Kordofan. Disrespect for humanity is an assault on the International Humanitarian Law, “IHL.”

IHL is a law which regulates the conduct of armed conflicts. It’s comprised of “the Geneva convention” and “the Hague convention” with other treaties and customary international laws alongside them both of which prohibit human rights violation.
It defines the conduct of cantankerous nations, neutral nations and individuals engaged in warfare. Terrorists and senseless rebels are not the exception. It protects civilians like those aerial bombarded in Renk, sufferers of massacres in Bentiu and Bor and women and teenage girls, kidnapped in Nigeria and those raped in various IDP and Refugee camps to mention but a few. Terrorists whom we think live afar from us may be our neighbours armed but not to our attention. Their ordeal is planned in the dark, next to the Hell Gate in the shadow of death.

The best example of assault on International Humanitarian Law is attacking doctors or ambulances displaying a “Red Cross.”
IHL also forbids firing at a person or vehicle bearing a white flag for it’s a flag of truce. The flag shows desire to surrender or need to communicate. Persons protected by Red Cross or the White Flag should maintain neutrality nor get involved in war and its likelihood. The UN and its UNMISS are not the exception.
The Law of War prohibits combat without wearing distinctive uniform or easily identifiable badge and open carriage of weapons to avoid confusions.

The Basic rules of IHL are:
• Persons Hors de Combat (outside combat) and those not taking part in hostilities shall be protected and treated humanely.
• It’s forbidden to kill or injure an enemy who surrenders or who’s Hors de Combat.
• The wounded and sick shall be cared for and protected by the party to the conflict which has trained in its power. The Emblem of “Red Cross” or “Red Crescent” shall be required to be respected as the sign of protection.
• Captured combatants and civilians must be protected against acts of violence and reprisals. They shall have the right to correspond with their families and to receive relief.
• No one shall be subject to torture, corporal punishment or cruel or degrading treatment.
• Parties to conflict and members of their armed forces don’t have an unlimited choice of methods and means of warfare.
• Parties to conflict shall at all times distinguish between the civilian population and combatants. Attacks shall be solely directed against military objectives.

Founding of ICRC

Dating back to the Epoch of rise in crimes, the systematic attempts to minimize the savagery of warfare began in Nineteenth century. This is the one which is repeating itself as I write this piece. States organized warfare purposely to overcome the enemy state and this was achievable by disabling the enemy combatants.
However; the distinction between combatants and civilians, the requirement that the wounded and captured enemy combatants must be treated humanely and that quarter must be given led to the two pillars of modern humanitarian law.

The two laws are the “law of Hague also known as the law of war proper” and the “law of Geneva also known as the humanitarian law.”
Law of Hague determines the rights and duties of loud-mouthed nations in the operations and limits the choice of wears in doing harm. It’s concerned with the definition of combatants, establishes rules relating to the means and methods of warfare and examines the issue of military objectives. It’s divided into Jus in Bello which regulates the conduct of forces when engaging in war or armed conflict and Jus ad Bellum which regulates the conduct of parties engaging in war or armed conflict and includes crimes against peace and of war of aggression.

The laws of war are mandatory to nations bound by appropriate treaties. This is where the International Criminal Court (ICC) falls, the court well known for prosecuting the world’s most wanted criminals for protecting humanity and avoiding notoriety.

Law of Geneva is based on protection of civilians, non-combatants and prisoners of war (POWs). It’s inspired by the principle of humanity. It provides the basis for protection of humanitarian assistance carried out by humanitarian organizations such as International Committee of Red Cross, UN, International community and the like.
Citations of what is protected by this law include Moses speaking for the gods of Israelites ordering the killing of the Midianite women and male children, the massacres of the ‘Kalangas’ by Ashoka in India, the Bentiu massacres, the massacre of 100,000 Hindus by the Muslim troops of Timur (Tamerlane), the crusader massacres of Jews and Muslims in the siege of Jerusalem, the Wagala massacre in Kenya, the Bor massacre and more so.

Fritz Munch summed up historical military practice before 1800 that in battle and in towns taken by force, combatants and non-combatants were killed and property was destroyed or looted. This crime has happened in our most recent war of top seat in South Sudan. In Seventeenth century, the Dutch Jurist, Hugo Grotius wrote, “Wars for the attainment of their objects, it cannot be denied, must employ force and terror as their most proper agents.”

Thereafter, Florence Nightingale during the Crimean war and Henry Dunant, a Genevese Businessman who had worked with wounded soldiers at the battle of Solferino led to more systematic efforts to prevent the suffering of war victims.
Dunant wrote a book he titled as “A memory of Solferino” and in which he described the horrors he had witnessed.
His reports were so shocking that they led to the founding of the International committee of Red Cross “ICRC” in 1863 and the convening of a conference in Geneva in 1864 which drew up the Geneva Convention for amelioration of the condition of the wounded in armies in the field.
However long and grievous the efforts had gone so far, ICRC was formed to curb the humanitarian setbacks still facing its workers today. Innocent civilians still suffer ordeals protected by law and the action taken is not tangible yet.

Cure of Injustice

The best cure of injustice is Justice. Religious differences play part in terrorism. However, people fail to realize that religions discourage crimes. In Old Testament of the Bible, Elisha had admonition to spare enemy prisoners when asked by the king whether to kill or spare them.
“You shall not slay them. Would you slay those whom you’ve taken captives with your sword and with your bow? Set bread upon them and water before them, that they may eat and drink and go to their master,” Elisha answered.
We have baptized terrorists and equally thoughtless rebels and leaders who don’t prove their spirituality. Do they repeat these mistakes or are religious?

The law of Manu in India states that, “When he fights with his foes in battle, let him not strike with weapons neither concealed in wood nor with barbed, poisoned or the points of which are blazing with fire.”
The law of Manu also commands not to strike a Eunuch nor the enemy who folds his hands in supplication, nor who’s naked, nor who’s disarmed nor one who has lost his coat of mail nor one who looks on without taking part in the fight.
Didn’t they commit massacres?

In Islamic law, non-combatants who did not take part in the fight such as women, children, monks and Hermits, the aged, blind and insane were not to be ill-treated.
The First Caliph Abu Bakr proclaimed, “Do not mutilate. Do not kill children or old men or women. Do not cut off the heads of palm trees or burn them. Do not cut down fruit trees. Do not slaughter livestock except for food.”

Ironically, Islamist Jurists held prisoners to be killed. Those who refused to convert to Islam or pay alternative tax were killed provided not treacherously and with Mutilation. Religions protect humanity but are disrespected.
The weigh is put on aid workers and innocent civilians in all these wars we have witnessed. Religious and racial hatred exists. Most of the attackers are enticed with huge sums of money to commit murder, making poverty another source of bad ordeal.

All the religions believe in God meaning they all have common origin. There should be love. Fighting or war has nothing good it brings. When an innocent person is killed, the burden remains on the neck of the causative. The issues which leave most of us aggrieved are easy to solve. If at all you cannot hate your brother, how will you fight with him? It is through peace that the currently peaceful nations are stable. If all our leaders were like General James Hoth Mai, then South Sudan couldn’t have had misunderstanding. Leadership is a cycle. It leaves you and returns to you. Let’s not miss this chance.

A child has died. A widow has died. A nursing mother has died. The aged who was beating the drum of liberty has died. After all we shall not construct a sensible sentence of why we are killing ourselves. What shall we memorize as we celebrate our day of independence this July? This is where we shall realize that we were wrong. Let this war be another past incident on ninth July. Peace only is the solution. Let peace ring.

Signatures from President Kiir and Dr. Machar will end this conflict impeding peace


I had been numb since last December. I had only three days in Kenya when I heard that there were issues within the party (SPLM) and there were meetings held. While I had five days in Nairobi with only nine days remaining for my return to Juba, shouts had rented the air.

I was numb for our issues should not always be solved through conflict. My opinion had been there but I thought and what came into my mind had been the word peace.
Facebook could do it better because I could not write peace till it would fill the entire page to make an article. It would be thoughtless.

I would like to thank the two parties to conflict only for agreeing to have talks in Addis Ababa. Talks which continue to yield war again, I am dumfounded again.

I analyzed this conflict and made this deduction. Any rebel group will not stop fighting until their mission is accomplished. This is just like in the case of Dr. Riek Machar, he would want to capture Juba and be called the new President of the Republic of South Sudan. The government would however strive to end the conflict by kicking rebels out of South Sudanese territory. Neither of the two is simple.

The best solution to conflict is negotiation and resolution. It is really sinister that we are destabilizing our own country which we wanted hastily. Having this nation is not regret. Any international observer or organization must recognize this.

The independence of South Sudan was a way out of oppression. It was an end to racial discrimination. It was an end to gross human rights violations. It was an end to religious conflict which had lived and affected South Sudanese.

South Sudanese were subjected to killings, labor and various human rights violations. It will not be a regret to have given South Sudanese their freedom. How is it a problem if you are freed from sickness?

The problem of South Sudan is clear. It is about two men who are competing for power. These two men have their tribes standing on their behind in defense of their interests. This will not be interpreted as another practice. Each citizen has not taken the role of preaching peace on these two sides.

The crimes which have so far been committed are menacing. If we were not assets of our tribes, what would have brought this disagreement? I have heard recently that a Doctor does not have a tribe. Any elite does not have a tribe. They serve the nation equally. Have you seen the uniqueness of our elites? They think patriotism means that it is for our tribes.

I welcome the sanction of the high profile leaders on either sides of the two parties to conflict. Change is not for a single leader. Leadership is a field of trial. Someone is put into leadership to try if to gratify the citizens of the nation. If the public has figured out that you have not done it well, then it is your turn to give others a chance.

The release of the detainees was what we cried for. Dr. Machar mentioned earlier that it was the reason as to why he was still fighting. In my analysis, he was fighting for the release of his colleagues. They have been released. The best decision now is to sit down and discuss these differences as brothers.

Apart from South Sudanese who have gone to the camps outside the country, most of the citizens are prone to running from one place to another seeking safety. Others are affected by aerial bombardment which the rebels of SPLA didn’t use even. There should be mercy on civilians on either sides. The incident at the UNIMISS camp in Bor should be condemned in line with the massacre in Bentiu.

The citizens who have sought protection were wrong to be killed mercilessly. I don’t know where the current rebels get air force to bomb SPLA positions and advance on civilians like in Renk recently for example.

The rebellion doesn’t know civilians. They are for destruction of lives and property. If for example they wanted Dinka, were Darfurian, Ugandans and likely other nationalities butchered in Bentiu from Dinka? Peace for this matter should be the role of all of us, a rebel or the army personnel. Take this responsibility and drop arms all together honoring peace.

This is why we need to come together and speak one language. The citizens are dying in the bush because of hunger and thirst. Our future leaders, the young white army are dying for the dish of one man. It will be so good to leave the floor for new faces.

Tit for tat will not help us lest we come together and say enough to war. When the rebels have not attacked the government, that will be the end of this conflict. The government defend themselves when attacked only. This is why rebels have the biggest share in this instability.

Enough to war because we indeed are brothers. It would be so good if Dr. Machar and President Kiir will join peace talks this time round and put their signatures on the paper to end this conflict impeding peace permanently.